Agriculture and Rural Development Agriculture and Cooperation

Encourage the production of cereals, pulses and oils.

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Last Updated: Saturday 26 May 2018
Wednesday 16 May 2018Department of Agriculture

The Third Advance Estimates of production of major crops for 2016-17 have been released by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare. The assessment of production of different crops is based on the feedback received from States and validated with information available from other sources. As a result of very good rainfall during monsoon 2016 and various policy initiatives taken by the Government, the country has witnessed record foodgrain production in the current year.

Salient features of the report:

  • Total Foodgrains Production Estimates at a then-record 275.11 million tonnes
  • Total Production of Rice Estimate at a then-record 109.70 million tonnes
  • Production of Wheat Estimate at 97.44 million tonnes is also a record
  • Production of Coarse Cereals Estimate at a then-record level of 43.77 million tonnes
  • Total Production of Pulses is Estimate at a then-record 23.13 million tonnes

On May 16, 2018, the Third Advance Estimates of production of major crops for 2017-18 were released, and foodgrain production records were broken once again. The production of oilseeds, however, lagged behind in comparison.

   2011-12  2012-13  2013-14  2014-15  2015-16  2016-17  2017-18
 Rice  105.30  105.24  106.65  105.48  104.41  109.70  111.52
 Wheat  94.88  93.51  95.85  86.53  92.29  98.51  98.61
 Coarse Cereals  42.01  40.04  43.29  42.86  38.52  43.77  44.87
 Total Cereals  242.20  238.79  245.79  234.87  235.22  251.98  255.00
 Pulses  17.09  18.34  19.25  17.15  16.35  23.13  24.51
 Oilseeds  297.99  309.43  327.49  275.11  252.51  312.76  306.38

Vaada Raha Note: The assessment of the Third Advance Estimates for the year 2017-18 are also included in the above table, and the graphical representations which accompany below.

Other Third Advance Estimates (2016-17) observations (not corrected for the final figures of 2016-17):

As a result of very good rainfall during monsoon 2016 and various policy initiatives taken by the Government, the country has witnessed record foodgrain production in the current year. As per Third Advance Estimates for 2016-17, total Foodgrain production in the country is estimated at 273.38 million tonnes which is higher by 8.34 million tonnes (3.15%) than the previous record production of Foodgrain of 265.04 million tonnes achieved during 2013-14. The current year’s production is also higher by 16.37 million tonnes (6.37%) than the previous five years’ (2011-12 to 2015-16) average production of Foodgrains. The current year’s production is significantly higher by 21.81 million tonnes (8.67%) than the last year’s foodgrain production.

Total production of Rice is estimated at record 109.15 million tonnes which is also a new record. This year's Rice production is higher by 2.50 million tonnes (2.34%) than previous record production of 106.65 million tonnes achieved during 2013-14. It is also higher by 3.73 million tonnes (3.54%) than the five years' average Rice production of 105.42 million tonnes. Production of rice has increased significantly by 4.74 million tonnes (4.54%) than the production of 104.41 million tonnes during 2015-16.

Production of Wheat, estimated at 97.44 million tonnes is also a record. This year's wheat production is higher by 1.66% than the previous record production of 95.85 million tonnes achieved during 2013-14. Production of Wheat during 2016-17 is also higher by 4.83 million tonnes (5.21%) than the average wheat production. The current year's production is higher by 5.15 million tonnes (5.58%) as compared to Wheat production of 92.29 million tonnes achieved during 2015-16.

Production of Coarse Cereals estimated at a new record level of 44.39 million tonnes is higher than the average production by 3.04 million tonnes (7.36%). It is higher than the previous record production of 43.40 million tonnes achieved during 2010-11 by 0.99 million tonnes (2.28%). Current year’s production is also higher by 5.87 million tonnes (15.23%) as compared to their production of 38.52 million tonnes achieved during 2015-16.

As a result of significant increase in the area coverage and productivity of all major Pulses, total production of pulses during 2016-17 is estimated at 22.40 million tonnes which is higher by 3.15 million tonnes (16.37%) than the previous record production of 19.25 million tonnes achieved during 2013-14. Production of Pulses during 2016-17 is also higher by 4.77 million tonnes (27.03%) than their Five years’ average production. Current year’s production is higher by 6.05 million tonnes (37.03%) than the previous year’s production of 16.35 million tonnes.

With an increase of 7.27 million tonnes (28.80%) over the previous year, total Oilseeds production in the country is estimated at 32.52 million tonnes. The production of Oilseeds during 2016-17 is also higher by 3.27 million tonnes (11.17%) than the five year’s average Oilseeds production.

Production of Sugarcane is estimated at 306.03 million tonnes which is lower by 42.42 million tonnes (-12.17%) than the last year’s production of 348.45 million tonnes. Despite lower area coverage during 2016-17, higher productivity of Cotton has resulted into higher production of 32.58 million bales (of 170 kg each), i.e. an increase of 8.57%, as compared to 30.01 million bales during 2015-16. Production of Jute & Mesta estimated at 10.27 million bales (of 180 kg each) is marginally lower (-2.39%) than their production of 10.52 million bales during the last year.

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