Agriculture and Rural Development Agriculture and Cooperation

Launch the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchayee Yojana with a motto of 'har khet ko paani'.

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Last Updated: Thursday 15 March 2018
Thursday 02 July 2015PMKSY

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana to Strengthen Irrigation Network

The Government has launched Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) with the vision of providing end-to end solutions in irrigation supply chain, viz. water sources, and distribution network and farm level applications. The major objective of PMKSY is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.

The features of PMKSY are:

  1. With the objective of developing a long term solution for mitigating the effect of drought, PMKSY has been launched. This programme is being implemented jointly by three ministries.

  2. This scheme is to be implemented in mission mode. 28.5 lakh hectare area will be brought under irrigation for which a sum of Rs. 5,717 crores have been earmarked for the year 2016-2017. The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has obtained Rs. 2,340 crores in place of Rs. 1,550 crores as compared to the year 2015-2016 and this is an enhancement of 51%. This amount will be used for micro irrigation (drip and sprinkler), drought proofing and water conservation activities.

  3. An area of 4.3 lakh hectares and 4.3 lakh hectares was brought under micro irrigation during 2013-14 and 2014-15 respectively.

  4. An area of 5.7 lakh hectares has been brought under micro irrigation during 2015-16. For the year 2016-17, a target of 8.3 lakh hectares has been kept.

  5. 89 large and medium irrigation projects are pending for the last 15-20 years. In the next five years, an amount of Rs. 86,500 crores are required to complete these projects to irrigate an area of 80.6 lakh hectares.

  6. During the year 2016-17, a sum of Rs. 12,517 crores will be incurred to implement 23 irrigation schemes.

  7. Besides this year through NABARD it has been decided to create a fund of Rs. 20,000 crores for irrigation and expeditious implementation.

  8. Under MNREGA, 5 lakh farm ponds and wells will be instituted in rain fed areas.

  9. This programme has been started with the objective of making irrigation water available to every farmer and every farm.

  10. Template for DIPs developed and shared with states for bringing in uniformity in planning process.

  11. It is targeted that 235 district irrigation plans have been prepared by 31stMarch, 2016. The district irrigation plans of all the remaining districts would be prepared by 30thSeptember, 2016.

  12. 65.40 crores released to all districts of States/UTs for preparing DIPs for the year 2015-16.

  13. During the year 2015-16, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare has allocated a sum of Rs. 175 crores to cope with the problem of ground water in the country. The said fund will be utilized for 150 Blocks identified by central ground water board to supplement material component in water related works under MNREGA. This initiative has been taken for the first time in the country.

  14. For the first time a sum of Rs. 410 crores have been allotted for ground water recharge, improving the status of ground water, improving the status of moisture contained in soil as well as micro water storage so as to face the problems prevailed in drought hit 219 districts in the country. Out of this amount, Rs. 246 crores have been released to the states.

  15. A sum of Rs. 50 crores have been allocated and released for the training through the program called as ATMA so as to ascertain better use of water for farmers on regional basis.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation; Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources; and On Farm Water Management (OFWM) component of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare. PMKSY is to be implemented in an area development approach, adopting decentralized state level planning and projectised execution, allowing the states to draw their irrigation development plans based on district/blocks plans with a horizon of 5 to 7 years. A sum of Rs. 50,000 crore of central share has been provisioned for scheme for the next five years (2015-16 to 2019-20) and budget provision of Rs. 5300 crore has been made for implementation of PMKSY during 2015-16.

Programme architecture of PMKSY will be to adopt a ‘decentralized State level planning and projectised execution’ structure that will allow States to draw up their own irrigation development plans based on District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and State Irrigation Plan (SIP). It will be operative as convergence platform for all water sector activities including drinking water & sanitation, MGNREGA, application of science & technology etc. through comprehensive plan. State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) chaired by the Chief Secretary of the State will be vested with the authority to oversee its implementation and sanction projects.

The programme will be supervised and monitored by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister with Union Ministers from concerned Ministries. A National Executive Committee (NEC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to oversee programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter ministerial coordination, monitoring & performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc.

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