Agriculture and Rural Development Drinking Water and Sanitation

Provide toilets in every home in rural India.

In Progress
Last Updated: Sunday 28 May 2017
Saturday 27 May 2017Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)

The Swachh Bharat Mission - Gramin (SBM-G) was launched on October 2, 2014. Increasing Household Toilet Coverage across India is a core component of the SBM-G.

The Household Toiler Coverage was estimated at 41.92% on October 2, 2014, and increased to 64.14% on May 28, 2017.

An interactive dashboard to check the latest progress has also been provided and can be viewed here.

The Government was questioned in the Lok Sabha as to whether the records on construction of toilets under Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin  (SBM-G) and the on-the-ground reality of toilets in the rural areas present different scenarios on open defecation.

The Government responded that as per survey done by National Sample Survey Office in June 2015, 45.3% households  have latrines. Whereas, 45.5% households have latrines (as of June 2015) as per Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).

The focus of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is on behaviour change of people to adopt  safe sanitation and hygiene. In order to educate the people, the programme lays emphasis on  community involvement. Up to 8% of total resources can be spent on Information, Education  and Communication (IEC). The States have been advised to spend at least 60% of IEC funds  for inter-personal communication (IPC) activities. Many States are focusing on community  approach, wherein the people are directly triggered and made aware about the importance of  sanitation and hygiene using some triggering tools. Besides, conventional IEC tools are also  used to educate the people. Trainings of Collectors and key stakeholders is being done  regularly on people’s education. To ensure adequate availability of water for toilets,  under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) {SBM-G}, the incentive for individual toilet has  been increased from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 12,000, to provide for water availability, including for  storing water for hand-washing and cleaning. The SBM(G) guidelines also provide for  prioritization of conjoint programmes of sanitation and water to maximize the availability of  water for sanitation purposes.

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has developed a comprehensive system of  monitoring of the Programme through visit of Ministry officials and National Level Monitors  The on-line monitoring has been strengthened and transparency increased in the  implementation of the Programme of SBM(G) by making all the data including the names  and addresses of the beneficiaries of Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs) available in the  public domain / on-line monitoring system. A Mobile application for uploading photographs  of toilets constructed after 2.10.2014 is being developed. A mobile application called  Swachch app also allows any citizen to view the progress made under SBM(G) in any part of  the country right upto the household level.

Sanitation is primarily a behavioral issue. It involves change of mindset amongst people to  stop open defecation and to adopt safe sanitation practices. The Swachh Bharat Mission  (Gramin) is also laying more focus on behaviour change and usage of toilets. The focus on capacity building has been increased. State level workshops involving all the key  stakeholders such as Collectors, CEO, Zilla Panchayats, Chairman Zilla Panchayats etc. have  been held in different States. The Centre-State coordination has been increased through  increased visits to States, coordination meetings, and reviews.

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