Tuesday 06 February 2018Lok Sabha
While no such corporation has been set up by the NDA-2 Government, other steps have been taken with the goal of promoting and supporting organic farming and fertilizers. The quantum of organic produce is 11,80,105.81 MT during the year 2016-17 under the National Programme on Organic Production (NPOP). The area of organic cultivation in the country is 22.5 lakh hectare.
Parampragat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY) is a scheme that has been launched since 2015-16 to promote organic farming in clusters mode and make chemical-free inputs available to the farmers. The Government is providing assistance to farmers in all the States for organic cultivation, certification, labeling, packing, transportation, and marketing of organic produce under PKVY. In addition, organic value chain development for organic products from production to marketing is promoted in the North Eastern Region through Mission Organic Value Chain Development (MOVCD).
Further, the use of organic inputs like PROM, vermicompost, organic / bio-fertilizers, city compost, and waste decomposer have been promoted under various schemes of Government of India. Use of organic inputs will reduce the cost of production when compared to inorganic farming.
The Parampragat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is the first comprehensive scheme launched by the Central Government as a centrally sponsored program (CSP), where the Central and State Governments share the funding in varying ratio. It is 100% in UT, 90:10 in North-Eastern and Hilly States, and 60:40 in case of other States. The scheme is implemented by the State Governments. It is implemented on a cluster basis of 20 hectare each. The farmer within the cluster is given financial assistance up to a maximum of 1 hectare, and the limit of assistance is Rs. 50,000 per hectare during the conversion period of 3 years.
The target is to promote 10,000 clusters covering 2 lakh hectares over the period of 3 years (2015-16 to 2017-18). In order to implement the PKVY in 2015-16, 2016-17, and 2017-18, an amount of Rs. 300 crores, Rs. 297 crores, and Rs. 350 crores has been allocated respectively to the States. An amount of Rs. 226.19 crores, Rs. 152.19 crores and Rs. 145.55 crores has been released to the States during the period of 2015-16, 2016-17, and 2017-18, respectively.
The Government has launched a Central Sector Scheme entitled "Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region" for promoting organic farming in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The scheme aims at development of certified organic production in a value chain mode to link growers with consumers, and to support the development of entire value chain starting from inputs, seeds, certification, and creation of facilities for collection, aggregation, processing, marketing and brand building initiative.
The assistance is provided for cluster development, on/off farm input production, supply of seeds / planting materials, setting up of functional infrastructure, establishment of integrated processing unit, refrigerated transportation, pre-cooling / cold storage chamber, branding, labeling and packaging, hiring of space, hand holdings, organic certification through third-party, mobilization of farmers / processors etc.
Under this scheme, an area of 50,000 hectares has been targeted to be covered under organic farming in North Eastern Region of the country during the period of three years from 2015-16 to 2017-18. An amount of Rs. 112.11 crores, Rs. 47.63 crores, and Rs. 34.02 crores has been released to the States during the period of 2015-16, 2016-17, and 2017-18, respectively.
The total farm area, farm production, and exports of organic products under NPOP over the years 2012-13 to 2016-17 is as follows: