Tuesday 02 January 2018Lok Sabha
The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, is implementing the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) for overall development of horticulture in the country. Under MIDH, among others, to promote beekeeping in the country, assistance is provided for various capacity building / HRD programs (training and exposure visits of farmers / beekeepers, officers / field workers, seminars / workshops, etc.), production of nucleus stock of honeybees, developing bee breeders, distribution of honey bee colonies, beehives, supers, etc. and complete set of beekeeping equipment under the component of "Pollination Support through Beekeeping".
The State Departments of Horticulture / Agriculture are the implementing agencies for the Mission's programs / components in the State. The National Bee Board (NBB), a society registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860, has also been designated as a National Level Agency (NLA) for implementation of various activities / components for development of scientific beekeeping under MIDH.
For the promotion and development of scientific beekeeping / honey production farming in the country, the NBB has decided to set up Integrated Beekeeping Development Centres (IBDCs) / Centres of Excellence (CoEs) on beekeeping in the country. 12 IBDCs/CoEs, as role model for beekeeping, have been commissioned by NBB under MIDH in 12 States, one each in Haryana, Delhi, Bihar, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Himachal Pradesh.
The registration of beekeepers has also been started by National Bee Board to address the problem of traceability source of honey. NBB also provide insurance cover of Rs. 1 lakh to all registered beekeepers.
The year-wise details of honey production for the last three years, the production of other by-products of beekeeping other than honey (viz. bees wax, bee pollen, propolis, royal jelly, bee venom) as estimated by the Government for the last three years, the details of export of honey and bees wax for the last three years, as per the records of the Director General for Foreign Trade (DGFT), and the year-wise details of funds / subsidies / assistance provided for encouraging beekeeping / honey production for the last three years period (2015-16, 2016-17, and 2017-18) is given below:
(in Metric Tonnes)
|Export of Apicultural Products
(in Metric Tonnes)
||Rs. 23.23 crores
||Rs. 24.11 crores
(up to September)
(up to September)
|Rs. 10.54 crores
(up to December)
Poultry production in India has taken a quantum leap in the last four decades, emerging from an unscientific farming practice to commercial production system with state-of-the-art technological interventions. Egg production at the end of the Tenth Plan (2006-07) was 50.70 billion as compared to 66.45 billion at the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12). Currently, the total Poultry population in our country is 729.21 million (as per 19th Livestock Census of 2012) and egg production is around 82.93 billion during 2015-16. The per capita availability (2015-16) is around 66 eggs per annum. The poultry meat production is estimated to be 3.26 million tonnes.
In order to boost the growth of the livestock sector, the National Livestock Mission (NLM) has been launched during Twelfth Five Year Plan (2014-15), with the main objective of achieving sustainable development of the sector by providing greater flexibility to States in formulating and implementing the schemes as per the local needs for benefit of the farmers. NLM will have an important component to promote availability of feed and fodder to substantially reduce the gap between availability and demand. The Mission also supports initiatives relating to development of poultry, piggery, small ruminants, and other minor livestock species, as per the agro-climatic conditions of different regions / States.
An amount of Rs. 2,800 crores has been allocated for carrying out above activities under National Livestock Mission for the Twelfth Five Year Plan.
NLM has 4 sub-missions as follows:
Sub-Mission on Fodder and Feed Development will address the problems of scarcity of animal feed resources, in order to give a push to the livestock sector making it a competitive enterprise for India, and also to harness its export potential. The major objective is to reduce the deficit to nil.
Sub-Mission on Livestock Development in which there are provisions for productivity enhancement, entrepreneurship development and employment generation (bankable projects), strengthening of infrastructure of state farms with respect to modernization, automation and biosecurity, conservation of threatened breeds, minor livestock development, rural slaughter houses, fallen animals and livestock insurance.
Sub-Mission on Pig Development in North-Eastern Region: There has been persistent demand from the North Eastern States seeking support for all round development of piggery in the region. For the first time, under NLM a Sub-Mission on Pig Development in North-Eastern Region is provided wherein Government of India would support the State Piggery Farms, and importation of germplasm so that eventually the masses get the benefit as it is linked to livelihood and contributes in providing protein-rich food in 8 States of the NER.
Sub-Mission on Skill Development, Technology Transfer and Extension: The extension machinery at field level for livestock activities is very weak. As a result, farmers are not able to adopt the technologies developed by research institutions. The emergence of new technologies and practices require linkages between stakeholders and this sub-mission will enable a wider outreach to the farmers. All the States, including NER States may avail the benefits of the multiple components and the flexibility of choosing them under NLM for a sustainable livestock development.
Coverage under National Livestock Mission (NLM) has been extended to the entire country. In 2014-15, 19 lakh animals have been insured as against 10.88 lakh in 2013-14. Similarly, only 300 districts were covered in 2013-14 and this has been taken up to 676 districts in 2014-15.