Agriculture and Rural Development Drinking Water and Sanitation

Create an open defecation free India by awareness campaign and enabling people to build toilets in their home as well as in schools and public places.

In Progress
Last Updated: Monday 26 February 2018
Saturday 27 May 2017Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)

The Swachh Bharat Mission - Gramin (SBM-G) was launched on October 2, 2014. Creating an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India is a core component of the SBM-G.

The number of ODF villages as on October 2, 2014, was 48,292. As on May 28, 2017, the number of ODF villages is 2,00,839. At present (as on February 26, 2018), this number increased to 3,23,560 villages.

An interactive dashboard to check the latest progress has also been provided and can be viewed here.

The focus of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is on behaviour change of people to adopt  safe sanitation and hygiene. In order to educate the people, the programme lays emphasis on  community involvement. Up to 8% of total resources can be spent on Information, Education  and Communication (IEC). The States have been advised to spend at least 60% of IEC funds  for inter-personal communication (IPC) activities. Many States are focusing on community  approach, wherein the people are directly triggered and made aware about the importance of  sanitation and hygiene using some triggering tools. Besides, conventional IEC tools are also  used to educate the people. Trainings of Collectors and key stakeholders is being done  regularly on people’s education. To ensure adequate availability of water for toilets,  under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) {SBM-G}, the incentive for individual toilet has  been increased from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 12,000, to provide for water availability, including for  storing water for hand-washing and cleaning. The SBM(G) guidelines also provide for  prioritization of conjoint programmes of sanitation and water to maximize the availability of  water for sanitation purposes.

Sanitation is primarily a behavioral issue. It involves change of mindset amongst people to  stop open defecation and to adopt safe sanitation practices. The Swachh Bharat Mission  (Gramin) is also laying more focus on behaviour change and usage of toilets. The focus on capacity building has been increased. State level workshops involving all the key  stakeholders such as Collectors, CEO, Zilla Panchayats, Chairman Zilla Panchayats etc. have  been held in different States. The Centre-State coordination has been increased through  increased visits to States, coordination meetings, and reviews.

To complement and leverage the efforts and achievements made so far, the Ministry for Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) have launched a joint initiative today called Swachh Swasth Sarvatra. The three key components of Swachh Swasth Sarvatra are:

  • Community Health Centres (CHCs) in ODF blocks supported to achieve Kayakalp certification
  • Gram Panchayat of Kayakalp Primary Health Centres (PHCs) prioritized to become  ODF
  • Training in WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene ) of CHC/PHC nominees

In blocks, where through efforts of the MDWS and local community, open defecation has been eliminated, the MoHFW will provide the Community Health Centre (CHC), a grant of Rs. 10 lakhs to ensure that the facility achieves the quality benchmarks for sanitation, hygiene and infection control with a minimum score of 70 under the Kayakalp assessment.  Improved sanitation practices of the community are expected to complement the high level of sanitation and hygiene in the health care facility, and consequently  reduce the disease burden related to water borne diseases. 

The MDWS will undertake ODF activities in the Gram Panchayatof  Kayakalp award winning  PHCs. MDWS will also provide WASH training to a nominee of those CHCs and PHCs. This complementarity will enable stakeholders to work together for a joint vision and become accountable for common goals.  Thus in the first phase, during 2017-18, the  CHCs located in or catering to population in the 700 blocks that have been declared ODF and Gram Panchayats and Nagar Panchayats within which the Kayakalp PHCs (one each in 670 districts) are located will be covered in the initiative. The envisaged activities will culminate in a process of certification by the end of the financial year. Such CHCs and PHCs would be designated as Swachh Ratna CHC and Swachh Ratna PHC. The scheme may be progressively extended to additional blocks and public health facilities.

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